Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1816-9775 (Print)
ISSN 2541-8971 (Online)


To the Question of the Suitability of Soils Territory the Educational Centre «Botanical Garden» of Saratov State University for Growing Hybrid Gladiolus

The hybrid gladiolus occupies one of the leading places among the huge number of perennial plants thanks to its decorative qualities and the timing of flowering. In order to select a site for the cultivation of gladiolus it is necessary to consider its requirements for agrochemical soil condition. The analysis was made of the soil territory the Educational Centre «Botanical Garden» of Saratov State University, which is used for the cultivation of corms gladioli.

Species Composition of Beetles (Insecta: Coleoptera) Border Area «Wate – Land» of Medveditsa River Lysogorsky District (Saratov Area)

The article contains the results of the coastal beetles research (Medveditsa river Lysogorsky district Saratov region). There is also a brief description of the investigated biotope. List of 19 faunal species of beetles, that contains 9 species and one family, which are specified as new to the fauna of the Saratov Area, is presented. The representatives of investigated set of beetles are divided into ecological groups.

Diagnostics of Seed Reproduction Mode in Some Species Calamagrostis Adans. from Flora of Peninsula Kamchatska

The mode of seed reproduction in four species Calamagrostis of peninsula Kamchatka (Russia) flora has been examined (C. langsdorffii (Link) Trin., C. lapponica Wahl., C. neglecta (Ehrh.) Gaertn., C. sesquiflora Trin.). In C. lapponica and C. neglecta studied plants are characterized by highly degree of pollen sterility (61,2 and 24,8% respectively) and significant variation of pollen grains size (CV = 17,4 and 18,7%), which is typical for apomictic forms.

Some aspects of antimicrobial photodynamic eff ects

Antimicrobial phototherapy is an alternative method for combating clinically signifi cant microorganisms associated with lesions of the skin, mucous membranes of the oral cavity, respiratory, gastrointestinal and urogenital tracts. The method uses non-toxic dyes called photosensitizers, molecules that can be excited by harmless visible light to form reactive oxygen species. Numerous studies of the method in vitro and in vivo have demonstrated the destruction of microorganisms or a signifi cant reduction in their number.

The characteristics of the elemental composition of the scots pine wood in accordance with the conditions of a growing site and a vegetation phase

The formation of the elemental composition of plants is a dynamic process, which is aff ected by a large number of concurrent genetic and environmental factors, and their signifi cance varies according to the conditions and the state of the environment. The goal of the work was to study the characteristics of the accumulation of 8 chemical elements in Scots pine wood under the infl uence of seasonal and ecological variability. The objects of our research were old-growth forest stands on the territory of the Berezinsky Biosphere Reserve.

Correlation analysis of traits characterizing the yield and product quality of representatives of the genus Allium (subgenus Cepa)

In the conditions of the Moscow region, 10 samples of representatives of the genus Allium L. were studied, including: A. altaicum Pall., A. fi stulosum L., A. galanthum Kar. & Kir., A. oschaninii O. Fedtsch., A. pskemense B. Fedtsch from the section Cepa (Mill.) Prokh.; A. altyncolicum N. Friesen, A. ledebourianumSchult. & Schult. f., A. oliganthum Kar. & Kir., A. schoenoprasum L. from the section Schoenoprasum Dum.; A. komarovianum Vved. from the section Sacculiferum P. P. Gritz.

Morphometry and seed productivity of some representatives of the Lamiaceae family of a plot of medicinal plants of the Botanical Garden of the Orеnburg State University

Data on the study of morphometric parameters of medicinal plants such as Hyssopus offi cinalis L. and Nepeta pannonica L., which are part of the collection of medicinal plants of the Botanical Garden of the Orеnburg State University, are presented. It was found that the studied species successfully adapt to new growing conditions, since the parameters of morphometry vary within the medium to very high levels of variability. However, Nepeta pannonica L.

Communities of small mammals on the left bank of the Middle Ob

The purposeful studies of communities of small mammals (insectivores and rodents) on the left bank of the middle Ob within the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug – Ugra (Khanty-Mansiysk, Nefteyugansk, Surgut and Nizhnevartovsk districts) were carried out for the fi rst time from 2011 to 2020. Animal counts were carried out both in transformed and specially protected natural areas.

Evolutionary role of apomixis: S. S. Khokhlov’s hypothesis in the light of modern data

In 1949 S. S. Khokhlov (one of the founders of the Russian scientifi c school on the problem of apomixes) proved the original conception of the progressive evolutionary role of apomixis. He contended that the basic direction of the reproductive system evolution in angiosperms is a gradual failure of sex reproduction and transition to apomixis. This hypothesis was heavily criticized and called a “scientist’s fantasy”. In the second half of the 20th century the discovery of recombination repair led to a reassessment of the role of meiosis in the evolution.