Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1816-9775 (Print)
ISSN 2541-8971 (Online)


Spectrophotometric determination of some β-lactam antibiotics in their binary mixtures using the method of partial least squares

The method has been proposed for the spectrophotometric determination of antibiotics of the cephalosporin (cefuroxime, ceftriaxone, cefotaxime, cefazolin) and penicillin (amoxicillin) groups using chemometric data processing (method of partial least squares, PLS). The absorption spectra of 24 binary mixtures of “cephalosporin – cephalosporin” and 16 binary mixtures of “cephalosporin – amoxicillin” with various concentrations in the range of 3–27 and 5–140 μg/ml have been recorded.

Диффузия цефазолина через мембраны кожи человека

Кожа является основным покровом тела, она выполняет множество важнейших функций в жизнедеятельности человека. Массоперенос лекарств через кожу происходит через поры потовых и сальных желез. Изучали мембранный перенос цефалоспоринового антибиотика первого поколения – цефазолина. Его молекулярные размеры соизмеримы с размером пор кожной мембраны. Наблюдается высокое значение коэффициентов диффузии (10-5 – 10-6 см2/с), что говорит о «течении» вещества через поры мембраны. С ростом температуры проницаемость кожной мембраны понижается.

Electroanalytical Properties of Non-modified and Polyaniline Modified Solid Contact Cefazolin Selective Sensors

Cefazolin is a cephalosporin antibiotic of the third generation. It is widely used in medical practice for the therapy of various infectious-somatic pathologies. The work was aimed at the creation of solid-contact potentiometric cefazolin-selective sensors. For the first time, polyaniline was used to stabilize the potentials of solid-contact sensors. As the membranes active components, the compound of tetradecylammonium (TDA) with the silver (I) – cefazolin complex were applied.

Express Method for Cefazolin Determination in Small Samples Sensors Planar Potentiometric

The unmodified and modified by polyaniline and nanoparticles planar potentiometric sensors on the basis of tetradecylammonium associates with a complex silver (I) – cefazolin are created. Optimum ratios of components in carbon-containing ink are established: 30–32% carbon powder, 16–18% polyvinylchloride, 48–50% dibutylphthalate and 1–3% of electrode active compound (EAC). Planar sensors of two types are examined: electrode active compounds, electrode active compound and modifiers were added into in carbon-сontaining ink.

“Electronic tongue” multi-systems for the separate determination of cefotaxime and cefazoline

. Electroanalytical properties of unmodified and modified by polyaniline and by CuO nanoparticles solid-contact potentiometric sensors which are based on associates of tetradecylammonium with complex compounds of silver (I) with cephuroxime, cephotaxime and cephazoline Ag(?-lac)2TDA in solutions of corresponding antibiotics were studied. It was revealed that Ag(?-lac)2TDA –based sensors had no specificity to the basic ion but showed sensitivity to other cephalosporins.