Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1816-9775 (Print)
ISSN 2541-8971 (Online)


Химия

Molecularly imprinted polyaniline: Synthesis, properties, application. A review

Molecular imprinting is a rapidly developing and promising approach for the selective recognition for target molecules of diff erent nature. In this review, we have collected works devoted to synthesis and application of polyaniline-based molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPANI) over the last 5 years. The manuscript provides brief descriptions of the main approaches to the synthesis of PANI MIPs and the advantages and disadvantages of each technique.

Transport properties of unmodifi ed and modifi ed polyaniline nanotubes of amoxicillin-selective membranes

The transport processes occurring in polymer matrix characterize their physico-chemical properties, determine the directions of practical application. The literature data on ion transport in plasticized polymer membranes and theoretical aspects of membrane transport are critically reviewed. The eff ect of the modifi er on the transport properties of membranes is shown.

Michael condensation of 2-(4-carboxybenzylidene)-3,4-dihydronaphthalene-1(2H)-one with methylene active compounds in the targeted synthesis of O-heterocyclic hybrid systems

Approaches to the design of new hybrid polyoxaheterocyclic compounds based on the interaction of 2-(4-carboxybenzylidene)-3,4- dihydronaphthalene-1(2H)-one with methylene active compounds of the 2H-chromen-2-one series – 3 -(1,3-dioxobutan-1-yl)-2H-chromen2-one and 4-hydroxy-2H-chromen-2-one, as well as their carbocyclic analogue – 1,3-indanedione under various conditions have been considered.

Synthesis and structure of polycyclic O-containing systems based on diarylmethylidenepiperidones (cyclanones)

In this work, the interaction of diarylmethylidene piperidones with acetylacetone and acetoacetic ester has been studied. It has been shown that the transition to piperidone in the basis of dienone does not allow the selective synthesis of products. It has been found that the direction of the reaction with 1,3-C,C-dinucleophilic reagents is infl uenced by the nature of peripheral ylidene substituents, which allows targeted synthesis of O-heterocyclization products (hexahydropyranopyridines) by introducing an NO2 group into the arylmethylidene fragment.

Electroanalytical properties of planar sensors in aqueous environments of amoxicillin

One of the widely used antibiotics of the penicillin series in medicine are amoxicillin and amoxiclav – the representatives of "protected" penicillins. To control the concentration of these antibiotics, HPLC, spectrophotometry, capillary electrophoresis are applicable, which are long-lasting, require expensive equipment, operators and are not applicable for the express determination of aminopenicillins in biological and medicinal aqueous.

The study of the physic-chemical properties of bentonite-based composite sorbents modified with carbon under the conditions of catalytic carbonization

The structural and sorption properties of composite sorbents based on natural bentonite modified with carbon compounds have been investigated. Modification of the initial bentonite by low-temperature (650°C) pyrolysis of sucrose in the presence of metal salts of the iron subgroup leads to a significant increase in the specific surface area of composite sorbents (up to 275 m2/g), this is due to low-temperature catalytic graphitization of the carbon fraction formed during pyrolysis.

Synthesis and structural features of 5-(4-bromophenyl)-3-((6-amino-2-mercaptopyrimidine)-4-amino))methylidene)-3Н-furan-2-one

This work shows the possibility of synthesizing previously unknown 5-(4-bromophenyl)-3-((6-amino-2-mercaptopyrimidine)-4-amino)) methylidene-3H-furan-2-one containing a pharmacophore pyrimidine fragment by four-component one-pot reaction of malononitrile as the second methylene active component, thiourea, orthoester and 5-(4-bromophenyl)-3H-furan-2-one, which proceeds under mild conditions during thermal activation of the reaction mixture in isopropyl alcohol.

Структуры ядро–оболочка и полиэлектролитные капсулы с иммобилизованными кислотно-основными индикаторами

Исследована возможность включения кислотно-основных индикаторов (лакмуса, бромтимолового синего (БТС) и метилового красного (МК)) в структуры «ядро–оболочка», а также в микрокапсулы, сформированные методом полиионной сборки на основе ядер карбоната кальция и гидроксиапатита. Оценено влияние способа иммобилизации индикаторов (сорбция молекул на «ядрах», включение в полиэлектролитные (ПЭ) слои, инкапсулирование в полой ПЭ капсуле) и различных факторов на эффективность связывания.

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