Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Chemistry. Biology. Ecology

ISSN 1816-9775 (Print)
ISSN 2541-8971 (Online)

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Synthesis of polysubstituted spiropyrrolidines using 2-acetylfuran, 2-acetylthiophene, and 2-acetylpyrrole

Borisova Svetlana Vasilievna, Saratov State University
Sorokin Vitaly Viktorovich, Saratov State University

 A series of novel spirooxindoles have been synthesized through three-component 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of azomethine ylides generated in situ by the decarboxylative condensation of isatin and sarcosine with the dipolarophile 3-phenyl-1-(heteroaryl -2-yl)prop-2-en-1- one, synthesized by the Knoevenagel reaction using 2-acetylfuran, 2-acetylpyrrole, 2-acetylthiophene and substituted benzaldehydes. These compounds are used for the first time as dipolarophiles. This method has the advantages of mild reaction conditions, high atom economy, excellent yields, and high regio- and stereo-selectivity. The reaction was carried out by mixing equimolar amounts of enone and isatin, as well as a slight excess of sarcosine in isopropyl alcohol when heated to 60–70°C. Among the enones with various heterocyclic substituents, it is most convenient to use compounds containing a pyrrole fragment as dipolarophiles, since the products are obtained in a short amount of time in good yields. The use of enones obtained from 2-acetylthiophene leads to an increase in the reaction time, and from 2-acetylfuran - to a significant resinification of the reaction mixture. The structures of the compounds obtained were proved using a combination of 1 H, 13C NMR spectroscopy data, as well as two-dimensional NMR experiments of heteronuclear correlation, HSQC and HMBC. Based on the data obtained, a mechanism for the formation of products has been proposed.

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