Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1816-9775 (Print)
ISSN 2541-8971 (Online)


Synthesis and properties of grafted copolymers of xanthan and glucomannan with acrylic monomers

Graft copolymers of polysaccharides with acrylic monomers combine biodegradability, biocompatibility, the environmental friendliness of natural polymers and the increased thermal stability, chemical and mechanical resistance of synthetic polymers. This paper describes our search and analysis of the literature in English for 2002–2022 devoted to the graft polymerization of acrylamide, acrylic acid and 2-acrylamido2-methylpropanesulfonic acid onto xanthan and glucomannan macromolecular chains.

Free-radical graft copolymerization acrylamide, 2-sodium 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic onto chitosan

The method presents obtaining hydrosoluble graft copolymer of complicated structure based on сhitosan, acrylamide (AM), sodium 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic (АМPS-Na) in order to obtain fl ocсulant which is resistant to salt of transition metals and heat temperature, and in order to use it as a reagent for oil production processes.

Modern methods of controlled radical polymerization for obtaining branched polymers of acrylamide, acrylic acid and (met)acrylates

 A search and analysis has been carried out of English-language 2005–2020 scientifi c literature devoted to methods of obtaining branched (co)polymers of acrylamide, acrylic acid and (met)acrylates in order to obtain novel materials with valuable properties. It has been found that modern methods of controlled radical polymerization are mainly used for this purpose, namely, atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP), reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization (RAFT) and group transfer polymerization (GTP).

Synthesis and Physicochemical Properties of Grafted Copolymers of Chitosan and Acrylic Monomers

The search and analysis of English-language 2004–2019 scientific literature devoted to the graft polymerization of acrylic monomers (acrylic acid and acrylamide being examples) onto chitosan to obtain novel materials with valuable properties was made. It was revealed that radical copolymerization, with potassium or ammonium persulfate, cerium-ammonium nitrate being initiators was used for grafting. Microwave, UV radiation and gamma rays were also used. To obtain gel, a cross-linking agent (N,N’- methylenebisacrylamide) was introduced.