Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Chemistry. Biology. Ecology

ISSN 1816-9775 (Print)
ISSN 2541-8971 (Online)


Full text:
(downloads: 98)
Language: 
Russian
Heading: 
Article type: 
Article
UDC: 
582.572.225:631.53:581.5

Construction of Consciousness and Implementation of Seed Productivity of Various Varieties of Branch Onion (Allium ramosum L., Amaryllidaceae Jaume St.-Hil.) in the Conditions of the Moscow Region

Autors: 
Ivanova Maria I., All-Russian research Institute of vegetable growing
Bukharov Alexsandr F., All-Russian research Institute of vegetable growing
Kashleva Anna I., All-Russian research Institute of vegetable growing
Abstract: 

Allium ramosum L. – type species of the subgenus Butomissa (Salisb.), Section Butomissa. The species has a fairly high seed productivity, which varies widely. This article presents the results of a study of seed productivity under the conditions of artificial phytocenosis of the Moscow Region in four commercial varieties of A. ramosum. In alluvial meadow soils, fruit setability was 88.9–95.8%, real seed productivity was fixed at 3.5–18.5 g/plant, 1000 seeds weight was 4.2–5.9 g. Average insemination was noted 3, 0–5.9 pieces/fruit. The high reproductive potential under experimental conditions indicates the possibility of seed production of the studied commercial varieties. The Chinese garlic variety has the maximum real seed productivity (18.5 g/plant), while the seed productivity sales rate was 80.4%.

Reference: 

1. Seregin A. P., Korniak T. Allium ramosum L. (Amaryllidaceae), a neglected alien in the European fl ora and its oldest record from Poland // Phytotaxa. 2013. Vol. 134, № 1. Р. 61–64. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.134.1.6
2. Vvedensky A. I. Rod Alliim L. [Genus Allium L.]. Flora SSSR [Flora of the USSR]. Leningrad, Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1935, vol. 4, pp. 112–280 (in Russian).
3. Chadaeva V. A., Tsepkova N. L. Allium ramosum L. (Amaryllidaceae Jaume St.-Hil.) – a new invasive species in the fl ora of the Caucasus. Ecological Bulletin of the North Caucasus, 2018, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 74–79 (in Russian).
4. Danilova N. S., Borisova S. Z., Ivanova N. S. Dekorativnye rastenija Jakutii: Atlas-opredelitel’. [Ornamental plants of Yakutia: Atlas-determinant]. Moscow, ZAO Fiton +, 2012. 248 p. (in Russian).
5. Mezhvidovaja gibridizacija ovoshhnyh rastenij (Allium L. – luk, Daucus L. – morkov’, Capsicum L. – perec) [Interspecifi c hybridization of vegetable plants (Allium L. – onion, Dauchus L. – carrot, Capsicum L. – pepper)]. Moscow, Izd-vo VNIISSOK, 2013. 188 p. (in Russian).
6. Steinert T. V., Aliluev A. V., Avdeenko L. M., Grinberg E. G. Creation and use of the gene pool of onion plants in Siberia. Vegetables of Russia, 2018, no. 3, pp. 16–21 (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.18619/2072-9146-2018-3-16-21
7. Shreter A. I. Lekarstvennaja fl ora sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka [Medicinal fl ora of the Soviet Far East]. Moscow, Meditsina Publ., 1975. 328 p. (in Russian).
8. Dikorastushhie poleznye rastenija flory Mongol’skoj Narodnoj Respubliki [Wild useful plants of the fl ora of the Mongolian People’s Republic]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., Leningr. otd-nie, 1985. 235 p. (in Russian).
9. Golubkina N. A., Seredin T. M., Molchanova A. V., Kosheleva O. V. Comparative evaluation of the antioxidant activity of some types of perennial onions. Vegetables of Russia, 2018, no. 5 (43), pp. 73–76 (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.18619/2072-9146-2018-5-73-76
10.  Ivanova M. I., Bukharov A. F., Baleev D. N., Bukharova A. R., Kashleva A. I., Seredin T. M., Razin O. A. The biochemical composition of the leaves of Allium L. species in the conditions of the Moscow region. Achievements of Science and Technology of the Agricultural Sector, 2019, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 47–50 (in Russian).DOI: https://doi.org/10.24411/0235-2451-2019-10511
11. Fomina T. I., Kukushkina T. A. The content of biologically active substances in the aerial parts of some types of onions (Allium L.). Chemistry of Plant Raw Materials, 2019, no. 3, pp. 177–184 (in Russian).
12. Kojima A., Nagato Y. Pseudogamous embryogenesis and the degree of parthenogenesis in Allium tuberosum // Sex. Plant Reprod. 1992. Vol. 5. P. 72–78.
13. Choi H. J., Oh B. U. A new species and a new combination of Allium sect. Rhizirideum (Alliaceae) from northeastern China and Korea // Brittonia 2010. Vol. 62. P. 199–205.
14. Zhao Y. T., Xu J. M. A chromosomal study of eight species in Allium sect. Rhizirideum G.Don in China // Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica. 1994. Vol. 32. P. 165–172.
15. Shang Z. Y., Li R. J., Cui T. C., Xu J. M. Studies on chromosomes of eight species of Allium from China // Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica. 1997. Vol. 35. P. 434–444.
16. Zhou S. D., He X. J., Yu Y., Xu J. M. Karyotype studies on twenty-one populations of eight species in Allium section Rhizirideum // Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica. 2007. Vol. 45. P. 207–216.
17. Yamashita K., Tsukazaki H., Kojima A. Interspecifi c hybrids between amphimictic diploid Chinese chive (Allium ramosum L.) and A. scabriscapum Bois. et Ky. // Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science (Japan). 2006. Vol. 74, iss. 2. P. 127–133.
18. Vainagy I. V. On the methodology for studying the seed productivity of plants. Botanical Journal, 1974, vol. 59, no. 6, pp. 826–831 (in Russian).
19. Bukharov A. F., Baleev D. N., Bukharova A. R. Analiz, prognoz i modelirovanie semennoj produktivnosti ovoshhnyh kul’tur[Analysis, Forecast and Modeling of Seed Productivity of Vegetable Crops]. Moscow, Izd-vo RGAZU, 2013. 54 p. (in Russian).
20. Tukhvatullina L. A., Abramova L. M. Long-term average phenodates and seasonal rhythm of growth and development of onions in the conditions of introduction. Scientifi c Statements of Belgorod State University. Series Natural Sciences, 2013, no. 10 (153), vol. 23, pp. 45–49 (in Russian).
21. Fedorova A. I., Nikolaev O. A., Androsova D. N. Variability of morphological features of creeping onion (Allium prostratum Trevir.) And branched onion (Allium ramosum L.) in nature and culture. Polytematic Network Electronic Scientifi c Journal of the Kuban State Agrarian University, 2016, no. 119, pp. 627–641 (in Russian).
22. Tukhvatullina L. A. Introdukcija i opyt razmnozhenija lukov v Botanicheskom sadu-institute UNC RAN [Introduction and experience of onion propagation in the Botanical Garden-Institute of the Ufa Scientifi c Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences]. Bull. bot. sada im. I. S. Kosenko. [Bull. nerd. garden them. I. S. Kosenko]. 1999, no. 15, pp. 65–66 (in Russian).