Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1816-9775 (Print)
ISSN 2541-8971 (Online)


Effect of Temperature, Isotopic Composition of Water and Ethanol on the Tautomeric Equilibrium of Sulphonated Phenylazonaphtholes

The effect of temperature, isotopic composition of water and ethanol on the tautomeric equilib- rium of two phenylazonaphtholes that differ by sulphonic group in benzene ring was investigated spectrophotometrically. It was established that enhancement of water structure under decrease of temperature or change of common water to heavy one shifts the azoquinonhydrazone tautomeric equilibrium to more polar hydrazone tautomer.

The Specifics of Tobacco Gametophyte Mutations Display Depending on Temperature

The research of extreme low (10°С) and high (37°С) temperatures influence under in vitro conditions on phenotypic display of three mutations in Nicotiana tabacum L. with of a certain morphological type domination was conducted. The BG-141.4 line is character- ized by low-cellular embryo sacs formation, in the SG-27/4 line the trait of the increased number of nucleus and cells in embryo sacs exhibits, the line М-3 differs by high frequency of cenocyte low- cellular embryo sacs.

Peculiarities of Spatial Distribution of the Bottom Fauna in the River Kan (Tributary of the Middle Yenisei, Krasnoyarsk Region)

In the rivers of the Yenisei basin, benthic invertebrates play a major role in feeding most valuable Siberian fish species. This report presents advanced material on zoobenthos of the river Kan (one of the major tributaries of the Yenisei in its middle course). Litho-psammo-rheophilic biocenosis of benthic invertebrates was the most developed, 99 species and forms were recorded there. The total number of zoobenthos was formed from mayflies, caddisflies and chironomids; biomass – from caddisflies and mayflies.