Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Chemistry. Biology. Ecology

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ISSN 2541-8971 (Online)

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Effect of sulfur solvent on the properties of lead sulfide quantum dots

Tsvetkova Olga Yu., OOO “NPP Volga”
Shtykov Sergey N., Saratov State University
Smirnova Tatiana D., Saratov State University
Zhukov Dmitriy N., OOO “NPP Volga”

Colloidal quantum dots (QDs) of lead sulfide have been synthesized and investigated using octadecene and white spirit as a solvent for sulfur, varying the concentration of precursors and the temperature of the process. A method has been proposed for the synthesis of these QDs using anhydrous white spirit as a solvent at a temperature of 200° C, which made it possible to obtain polygonal nanoparticles with an average diameter of 2 to 3.2 nm with a minimum spread in size (± 10%). Solvent white spirit, which has a low limiting solubility for sulfur and creates specific conditions for the reaction of the formation of lead sulfide at a high temperature (200° C), provides good synthesis kinetics in solution, a relatively low crystallization rate and creates conditions for the passage of all stages of the process from the formation of embryos before the maturation of the crystals. In this process, crystals of sufficiently stable sizes and shapes are steadily formed. It follows that the crystals are not spherical, but possibly somewhat rod-shaped, since their sizes differ in two directions. It is also seen that the sizes of QDs obtained using different concentrations of a sulfur solution in white spirit and varying the temperature differ insignificantly, since the confidence intervals are quite large and overlap. In one direction, the crystal size varies from 2 to 3.5 nm, and in the other from 3.5 to 5 nm. It has been found that at low temperatures the rate of reaction and crystal formation slows down. In this case, the anisotropic growth of crystals is pronounced, and the histogram curves are clearly divided into two regions. As a result, the transformation of the cubic structure of the crystal into a hexapod is noted. An increase in the concentration of lead in the reaction medium leads to a slight acceleration of the synthesis of nanoparticles.

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