Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1816-9775 (Print)
ISSN 2541-8971 (Online)

phase equilibria

Phase Equilibria and Critical Phenomena for Cut 3 of the Qua­ ternary System Water - Pyridine - Butyric Acid - Potassium Chloride

Phase equilibria and critical phenomena in cut 3 of the quaternary system water - pyridine - butyric acid - potassium chloride whose constituent ternary liquid system had a closed binodal curve were studied by means of the visual-polythermal method within 5-90°C. We have determined the temperature dependence of the solution composition corresponding to the critical solution point of the immis- cibility region.

Topological Transformation of the Phase Diagram of the Ternary System Potassium Formate - Water - n.Butoxyethanol

Phase equilibria and critical phenomena in the ternary system potas­ sium formate - water - n.butoxyethanol, where a constituent binary liquid system is characterized by phase separation with a closed delamination region, were studied by means of the visual-polythermal method within 25-170°C. The temperature dependences of the com­ positions of the mixtures corresponding to the critical solubility points in the delamination region were determined.

Study of the Stable Tetrahedron LiF-KF-KCl-K2WO4 of the Quinary Reciprocal System Li,K||F,Cl,WO4

The stable tetrahedron LiF-KF-KCl-K2WO4 of the quinary reciprocal system Li,K||F,Cl,WO4 was studied by differential thermal analysis, and the characteristics of eutectic and peritectic were determined.

Phase Diagram of the Potassium Thiocyanate – Water Binary System

The phase diagram of the potassium thiocyanate–water binary system was studied by the visual polythermal method and by the method of time–temperature curves over а temperature range – 35–180 оС. There is an eutectic equilibrium at –32.6 оС in the system; the solid phases of this equilibrium are ice and individual potassium thiocyanate. The composition of the liquid phase of the eutectic state was determined.

Phase Equilibria and Critical Phenomena in the Water–i-Butyric Acid Binary System

Phase equilibria and critical phenomena in the water-i-butyric acid binary system were studied by the visual polythermal method over the temperature range –10–30°C. The system is characterized by delamination with an upper critical solution temperature (UCST) equal 25.8°C. In the system at –1.8°C, these occurs a nonvariant monotectic equilibrium whose solid phase are ice crystals. The phase diagram of the system is plotted.

Phase Equilibria in the Twocomponent System n-nonadecan – Cyclododecane

Method of low-temperature differential thermal analysis using a differential scanning calorimeter of heat flow was first studied system n-nonadecane – cyclododecane. The studied systems are of the eutectic type. Alloy of eutectic composition contains 37,0 wt % of cyclododecane and melts at a temperature of 20.4 °C.

Topological Transformation of Phase Diagrams for Сut 1 of the Quaternary System Potassium Nitrate – Water – Pyridine – Butyric Аcid in 5–60оС

Phase equilibria and critical phenomena in component mixtures of the cut 1 of the quaternary system Potassium Nitrate – Water – Pyridine – Butyric Аcid whose constituent ternary liquid system had a closed binodal curve were studied by means of the visualpolythermal method within 5–60oC. The volumes of two monotectic states in the composition tetrahedron have been found to be in contact via critical tie lines with increasing temperature.

Phase Equilibria in the Ternary System “Potassium Iodide – Water – Tert-Butyl Alcohol” within 5–30°C

Studying of the influence of the salt nature and temperature on the liquid-liquid equilibrium in the ternary systems “salt – binary solvent” is topical for the development of the salting-in–salting- out theory. In addition, the ternary potassium iodide-water-alcohol systems are constituents of the quaternary iodine – potassium iodide – water – alcohol ones, studying of which is of practical interest in terms of determining the mixed solvent compositions with the highest iodine-dissolving power.

Phase Equilibrium for the System KH2PO4 – K2SO4 – H2O at 25°С

Potassium dihydrogen phosphate is widely used in industrial and agri- culture. The solvent extraction method for producing KH2PO4 from the more cheap extraction phosphoric acid and potassium chloride has gained growing attention recently. To evaluation influence SO42– on the crystallization KH2PO4 it is nessesary comprehensive knowledge of the phase equilibria in the system K+// H2PO42–, SO42– – H2O. The ternary system KH2PO4 – K2SO4– H2O was determined at 25 °C by the improved isothermal method of section.

Computer Model of Phase Complex of Ternary System LiCl–Li2MoO4–Li2WO4

The solution of theoretical and practical problems based on phase equilibria in multicomponent systems is the basis of materials science: the synthesis of metals, alloys, semiconductors and many other substances and mixtures. The first stage in the study of phase diagrams is their calculation by various methods. However, the current state of the theory does not allow us to calculate the phase diagrams accurately and correctly even for binary systems.