Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1816-9775 (Print)
ISSN 2541-8971 (Online)

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Screening of Genus Azospirillum for their Ability to Produce Extracellular Lignin-Peroxidase and the Degradation of Model Lignin Compounds and Azo Dyes

Lignin peroxidase is one of the main enzymes of fungi decomposers of wood, that is capable to many non-specific oxidation of aromatic and polycyclic compounds. By the beginning of our research there were virtually no data of the bacteria’s ability to produce the lignin peroxidase. Rather recently lignin peroxidase activity was detected by us in the washouts from the surface of the bacterial cells and in intracellular extracts of bacteria from genus Azospirillum.

Biodegradation of Synthetic Dyes Bacteria of the Genus Azospirillum

Synthetic dyes are the largest class of chemicals that have found their commercial use in various industries. The most used are azo and anthraquinone dyes. However, most of them are not only toxic, carcinogenic, and mutagenic, but also resistant to biological destruction. The aim of the work was the screening of azospirillum strains according to their ability to biodegrade azo dyes and anthraquinone dyes.