Some Features of the Biology of Invasive Species Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq. in the Abkhazia Republic

The invasion of aggressive adventive plants in the territory of the Abkhazia Republic has a significant impact on the loss of biodiversity and the imbalance of ecosystems. In this regard, monitoring of the invasive component of flora is an urgent task. The aim of work was to study the biological features of invasive species Conyza canadensis under the conditions of Abkhazia. The research objectives included the study of morphometric parameters of the species and their variability.

Ontogenetic Tactics and Strategies of Oxycoccus palustris Pers. Survival in Boggy Ecosystems of Taiga Zones (Kirov Region)

The paper presents the results of studies of Oxycoccus palustris Pers. ontogenetic tactics and strategies expressed in various types of boggy phytocoenoses of the taiga zone in the Kirov region. The morphometric variability analyses of O. palustris in studied coenopopulations showed that most of parameters vary significantly. According to vitality index (IVC) the most favourable conditions are presented in mesotrophic cotton-grass sphagnum bog and oligotrophic sphagnum bog where the index was maximum – 1.04.

Ontogenetic Structure and Population Status of the Relict Species of Hedysarum gmelinii Ledeb. in the Cis-Urals Republic of Bashkortostan

The results of studying the ontogenetic structure of coenopopulations of the relict species Hedysarum gmelinii Ledeb. in the Bashkortostan of Republic are presented. The investigated cenopopulations growing on slopes of different exposure, with a slope of 35°, is the main type of vegetation – Helictotrichon desertorum–Stipa korshinskyi petrophyte steppe, anthropogenic load is low or medium. The overall density of the coenopopulations of H. gmelinii varies from 1,7 to 12,2 ind./m2, an effective density from 1,5 to 4,6 ind./m2.

About the Biology of the Invasive Species Hordeum jubatum L. in Bashkir Trans-Urals

The results of researches of 7 coenopopulations of North American invasivespeciesHordeumjubatumL.(Poaceae)inthe Trans-Urals of the Republic of Bashkortostan. Hordeum jubatum spreads on the steppe zone of the region. It dominates over other plants and it is share of participation in the community is 45,5–60,5%. The density of grass invasive species – 9–18 plants per 1 m2.Each plant produces 35 to 68 shoots, on average, is more than 600 shoots per 1 m2. The biomass of the type is no more than 0.25 kg/m2. Seed production is 39–54 pcs.