Ecology

Bacteria Fouling in the Systems of Technical and Circulating Water Supply of the Novovoronezh Nuclear Power Station

The paper presents the results of a study of microorganisms involved in the biofouling of technical and recycled water supply systems of the Novovoronezh nuclear power plant. Sampling was carried out at the following facilities: onshore pumping station (BPS), engine room (MH), spray pool (BB), central pumping station (CNS). The number of microorganisms that make up biofilms varied from 104 to 107 microbial cells in 1 ml. The species diversity at each object is represented by 2 to 3 types of bacteria.

Ontogenetic Tactics and Strategies of Oxycoccus palustris Pers. Survival in Boggy Ecosystems of Taiga Zones (Kirov Region)

The paper presents the results of studies of Oxycoccus palustris Pers. ontogenetic tactics and strategies expressed in various types of boggy phytocoenoses of the taiga zone in the Kirov region. The morphometric variability analyses of O. palustris in studied coenopopulations showed that most of parameters vary significantly. According to vitality index (IVC) the most favourable conditions are presented in mesotrophic cotton-grass sphagnum bog and oligotrophic sphagnum bog where the index was maximum – 1.04.

Long-Term Monitoring of Macrozoobenthos in the Reservoir-Cooler of Balakovo NPP

For 8 years (2011–2018) macrozoobenthos samples were taken at the permanent stations in the reservoir-cooler of Balakovo NPP. Sampling stations were located in a highly heated part of the reservoir-cooler of the Balakovo NPP, and poorly heated part, in the adjacent water area of the Saratov reservoir. Differences were revealed: species richness and diversity; numbers and biomass; saprobity indices of the areas of these reservoirs; a positive or negative trend of long-term dynamics of the studied indicators macrozoobenthos.

Изменение пищевого спектра муравьев рода Formica s. str. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) на территориях Саратовской области с антропогенной нагрузкой

Ants are essential component of ecosystems. They participate in soil formation, regulate the number of insects and spread the seeds of plants. The species of the genus Formica are most noticeable in the forests of the middle zone of Russia. The number and diversity of the prey of ants decreases in the areas experiencing a recreational load. The study was conducted on the territory of the natural park “Kumysnaya Polyana” (Saratov). The forest park is experiencing an anthropogenic load because it is located on the territory of a large industrial center – the city of Saratov. To study the Н.

Zoogeographical Analysis of Araneophauna of Steppous Plots of the Ulyanovsk Region with Data on Area Expansing of Several Species

Areal types are analyzed for spiders of stepped plots of the Ulyanovsk Region. Most of them belong to the Palaearctic ones (229 species). Trans-palaearctic (63 species), western-centralpalaearctic (50) and west palaearctic (40) areas are dominant. European eras are dominant among European-Siberian type, and west-central-Mediterranean dominate among the Mediterranean type.

Ecological Characteristic of Feather Grass Habitat (Stipa pennata L.) in Various Parts of the Range

The article gives an analysis of the ecological diversity of Stipa pennata cenopopulations in different parts of the range using D. N. Tsiganov’s amplitude ecological scales (1983) for 10 environmental parameters. Communities with S. pennata in the center of the range in the northeast of the Saratov right bank in the "Khvalynsky" National Park and at the northern border of the range in the eastern part of the Russian plain in the «Mari Chodra» National Park are considered.

The Effect of Pollutants on the Intensity of Biofilm Formation by the Strain Vibrio aquamarinus VKPM B-11245

Most microorganisms in natural conditions exist in the form of biofilms. Due to this fact, the question of research of various substances influence on their formation process is relevant. This article presents data on the influence of various groups of pollutants, such as antibiotics (ampicillin, oxytetracycline), antiseptics (dioxidine, chlorhexidine), herbicides (glyphosate, clopyralid) and salts of heavy metals (CuSO4, HgCl2) in various concentrations on the intensity of biofilm formation by the strain Vibrio aquamarinus VKPM B-11245.

Structure of Colonies and Nesting Peculiarities of Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) and Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus) in Green Zone of Engels City

We researched the nesting habits of the common starling and the tree sparrow in a woodland of Engels city altered by humans, the Saratov region. Birds’ selectivity in the choice of nesting holes was found. The way birds use nesting trees in different vital condition was researched. The estimation of spatial distribution of nests was made by the method called “the nearest neighbor”.

The Spreading of Pear Moth – Cydia pyrivora (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) on the North-East of the European Part of Russia

Pear moth – Cydia pyrivora is a narrow oligophage, whose larvae feed on the pith and pulp of fruit pears. In the region the species is connected here with warm biotopes on the Volga’s slopes and inhabits garden plots and abandoned gardens with pear trees. The areal extent in the north-east of the European part of Russia is considered for the pear moth Cydia pyrivora over a 60-year period. Over the past decade there has been quite a rapid expansion of the species to the north on the floodplain of the Volga river up to the Centre of the Ulyanovsk Province.

Informational and Technical Support of Needing Protection Saratov Region Plant Communities Inventory

Inventory needing protection plant communities is one of the directions of modern phytocenosical and ecologocal research. The Экология 365 information-technology support play the important role. This article provides information about the structure of electronic database “Needing protection plant communities of the Saratov region”.

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