Ecology

Zoogeographical Analysis of Araneophauna of Steppous Plots of the Ulyanovsk Region with Data on Area Expansing of Several Species

Areal types are analyzed for spiders of stepped plots of the Ulyanovsk Region. Most of them belong to the Palaearctic ones (229 species). Trans-palaearctic (63 species), western-centralpalaearctic (50) and west palaearctic (40) areas are dominant. European eras are dominant among European-Siberian type, and west-central-Mediterranean dominate among the Mediterranean type.

Ecological Characteristic of Feather Grass Habitat (Stipa pennata L.) in Various Parts of the Range

The article gives an analysis of the ecological diversity of Stipa pennata cenopopulations in different parts of the range using D. N. Tsiganov’s amplitude ecological scales (1983) for 10 environmental parameters. Communities with S. pennata in the center of the range in the northeast of the Saratov right bank in the "Khvalynsky" National Park and at the northern border of the range in the eastern part of the Russian plain in the «Mari Chodra» National Park are considered.

The Effect of Pollutants on the Intensity of Biofilm Formation by the Strain Vibrio aquamarinus VKPM B-11245

Most microorganisms in natural conditions exist in the form of biofilms. Due to this fact, the question of research of various substances influence on their formation process is relevant. This article presents data on the influence of various groups of pollutants, such as antibiotics (ampicillin, oxytetracycline), antiseptics (dioxidine, chlorhexidine), herbicides (glyphosate, clopyralid) and salts of heavy metals (CuSO4, HgCl2) in various concentrations on the intensity of biofilm formation by the strain Vibrio aquamarinus VKPM B-11245.

Structure of Colonies and Nesting Peculiarities of Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) and Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus) in Green Zone of Engels City

We researched the nesting habits of the common starling and the tree sparrow in a woodland of Engels city altered by humans, the Saratov region. Birds’ selectivity in the choice of nesting holes was found. The way birds use nesting trees in different vital condition was researched. The estimation of spatial distribution of nests was made by the method called “the nearest neighbor”.

The Spreading of Pear Moth – Cydia pyrivora (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) on the North-East of the European Part of Russia

Pear moth – Cydia pyrivora is a narrow oligophage, whose larvae feed on the pith and pulp of fruit pears. In the region the species is connected here with warm biotopes on the Volga’s slopes and inhabits garden plots and abandoned gardens with pear trees. The areal extent in the north-east of the European part of Russia is considered for the pear moth Cydia pyrivora over a 60-year period. Over the past decade there has been quite a rapid expansion of the species to the north on the floodplain of the Volga river up to the Centre of the Ulyanovsk Province.

Informational and Technical Support of Needing Protection Saratov Region Plant Communities Inventory

Inventory needing protection plant communities is one of the directions of modern phytocenosical and ecologocal research. The Экология 365 information-technology support play the important role. This article provides information about the structure of electronic database “Needing protection plant communities of the Saratov region”.

Particular Qualities of Flora and Vegetation Study of the Nature Monument «Blue Mountain» (Saratov Region, Ozinsky District)

The characteristics of the flora and steppe communities of the nature monument of regional importance of the Saratov region «Blue Mountain » is given. The flora of the territory has preserved features of the forest, which is manifested in the head of the family spectrum of the corresponding floristic sample. At the same time as a result of the fires that occurred, the type of forest changed: the oak tree was replaced by aspen. A high position in the family spectrum of Rosaceae is noted, which is not typical for the subzone of turf-grass steppes.

The Influence of Ecological Factors on Variability of Morphometric Parameters of Rare Species Iris pumila L.

The study of intraspecific variability of rare plants allows to estimate the level of phenotypical variability, to establish borders of populations, to characterize microevolutionary processes, to reveal the ecological factors influencing formation of structure of populations that finally promotes preservation of a gene pool of rare species. Work purpose: studying of intraspecific variability of rare species Iris pumila L. in the south of the Cis-Urals of Bashkortostan Republic.

Phytoplankton as the Indicator of the Ecological State of Water (on the Example of the Lake Barskoye, Pskov Region)

To assess the ecological status of water bodies, phytoplankton development indicators are widely used. The article deals with the use of microalgae in the assessment of water quality using the example of the Barskoye Lake. Collection and processing of hydrobiological material were carried out in the autumn of 2016 by standard methods. Phytoplankton is represented by 76 taxa below the genus belonging to 7 divisions: Chlorophyta (30), Bacillariophyta (16), Cyanophyta/Cyanoprocaryota (12), Euglenorhyta (7), Chrysorhyta (5), Сryptоphyta (3), Dinophyta (3).

Bioindication of Environmental Quality of the Yakutsk City Administrative Districts on the Basis of Leaf Fluctuating Asymmetry and Seed Quality of the Silver Birch Betula pendula Roth

The environmental quality in the territory of Yakutsk city has been assessed by the leaf fluctuating asymmetry (FA) and seed quality (germinating capacity and germination energy) of the silver birch Betula pendula Roth. A total of 2,300 birch leaves were collected at 25 sites in vicinity of roadways and 21 samples of seeds were collected in the same sites. FA level at different sites varied within 0.042–0.057, which implies that the environmental quality varied from relatively normal to critical.

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