Biology

Features of selection of winter wheat on grain quality

The quality of grain means a set of technologico-biochemical, baking and food properties determining the economic value of a grain variety. When choosing source material for selection, the degree of grain preservation in adverse environmental conditions is taken into account as well as the genotypic potential of grain yield and quality.

Winter months’ temperature rises effect on duration of phenological phases for Spermophilus pygmaeus Pallas, 1778 populations located in Caspian depression (Astrakhan oblast)

This article provides comparison analysis between 1950–1959’s and 2000–2009’s periods for duration and schedule dates of awakening, spreading and hibernation phases for Spermophilus pygmaeus populations located in the Caspian Depression (by example of Astrakhan Oblast). We learned that within a period of maximum temperature rise in February 2000–2009’s durations of S.pygmaeus’ populations of every phonological phase have shortened and been rescheduled with earlier dates (in comparison to 1950–1959’s).

Antibacterial properties of a biologically active composite based on glauconite

Glauconite, a natural aluminosilicate, exhibits good sorption properties, is an affordable, cheap material, and has the prospect of being used in construction, ecology, medicine, cosmetology, animal husbandry, poultry farming, agriculture, etc. An urgent task is to study the sorption activity of glauconite in the Beloozersky deposit in the Saratov region in relation to biologically active substances for the creation of antimicrobial composites. The elemental composition and surface morphology of glauconite grains are determined.

Introduction of sorts of Clematis L. genus in the South-Ural Botanical Garden-Institute of UFRC RAS

The article presents the results of a long-term of study of biological features of 54 sorts of Clematis L. genus of collection of the SouthUral Botanical Garden-Institute of UFRC RAS. The aim of the work was to summarize the introduction studies for the possibility of successful use of clematis sorts in vertical gardening in the Bashkir Cis-Urals and adjacent territories. During the period 2007 and 2015, the seasonal rhythm of growth and development and vegetative reproduction were studied, and the prospects of introduction and introduction resistance under the culture were assessed.

Development of female hametophytis and embryogenesis of introduced species Picea A. Dietr. in the Taiga Zone (Karelia)

The aim of the research was to establish features in macrosporogenesis, macrogametogenesis, and embryogenesis in Picea species (native species P. abies and introduced species P. canadensis and P. pungens) in the Botanical Garden of Petrozavodsk State University (middle taiga subzone). To study the development of the generative sphere, shoots with generative buds and strobiles from the southwestern side of the crown were cut from 10 trees and fixed in a mixture of alcohol and glycerin. The development of the female gametophyte and the embryo was studied with constant preparations.

Complex Assessment of the Viability and Decorativeness of Species of the Genus Crataegus L. in the Kola North Conditions

The paper presents the results of a comprehensive assessment of the viability and decorativeness of 20 samples of 17 taxa of the genus Crataegus L. when introduced into the Kola North. The study is one of the stages of a systematic description of the adaptive state of plants of the genus Crataegus when introduced into the conditions of the Far North. The main part of the studied samples are highly decorative quite viable plants that have high winter hardiness, maintain their growth shape, are able to produce germinating seeds, and have attractive inflorescences and fruits. C.

The Features of Growth of the Primary Root System of Triticum durum Desf. Varieties of the Saratov Breeding

The objects of the study were plants of 14 varieties of durum wheat Triticum durum Desf. Cultivation was carried out in a climatic chamber at a temperature of 18 ± 1°C under the conditions of a sixteen-hour photoperiod. To study the growth characteristics of the root system of seedlings, the length of the main root and the length of the adventitious roots of the upper and lower tiers were measured; thus, the growth rate of the root system was determined.

Chlorophyllin Inhibits Chemiluminescence That Accompanies a Quasi-Hypoxygenase Reaction Catalyzed by the Cytochrome c-Cardiolipin Complex

Lipid peroxidation is a key factor in programmed cell death of various etiologies. This process also occurs when ionizing radiation acts on biological systems. It is the essence of the theory of lipid radiotoxins, which is part of the structural and metabolic theory of the biological action of ionizing radiation. Non-enzymatic lipid peroxidation eventually leads to death by the mechanism of ferroptosis, while enzymatic lipid peroxidation, catalyzed by the cytochrome c-cardiolipin complex, triggers apoptosis along the mitochondrial pathway.

Biological Features of Gladiolus hybridus in Connection with the Adaptation of the Siberian Region

The adaptive possibilities of the varietal diversity of Gladiolus hybridus in the forest-steppe zone of Western Siberia are analyzed. Morphobiological features of shoot formation are shown. Long-term (1999–2019) results of seasonal development of plants in generative age state are presented. The specificity of the terms of flowering varies from different groups of the sum of positive temperatures. Flowering in Novosibirsk occurs in early varieties with the sum of positive temperatures >1462° C, medium >1558° C, late >1711° C.

Dependence of Taxonomic Flora Parameters on Sample Sizes

The problem of assessing the completeness of the identification of flora is a very significant element of study. The approach proposed in this work is based on an assessment of the complex of parameters of the taxonomic spectra of flora (generic and family). As a model object, the authors considered the flora of the Soksky physical-geographical region, located in the Trans-Volga sector of the Samara region. To solve this problem, the authors used 124 source floristic lists and their combinations (over 400).

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