Chemistry

Study of the relationship between geometric isomerism and biologically active properties of compounds

The results of the research in the field of studying the relationship of the geometric structure of organic compounds with their biological activity are presented. It has been shown that the stereospecific structure of organic and inorganic molecules can have a direct effect on the biologically active properties of substances. Among the known types of stereoisomerism (geometric and optical), this work summarizes the effect of various types of geometric isomerism on the bioactivity of compounds. In addition, the results of the authors’ own research are presented.

The prospect of using Shewhart control charts in assessing the quality of ionometric measurements by the method of adding a sample to a standar

Modern methods of quantitative physical and chemical measurements should necessarily include procedures for quality control of research results. Recently, the procedure for quality control of measurements using control charts is gaining particular popularity in the practice of analytical measurements. To date, the methods of potentiometric studies operating in the territory of the Russian Federation, in most cases, do not include quality control using this control procedure.

Reuse of a purified solution of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide for the synthesis of gold nanorods

We investigate the possibility of reusing CTAB solutions for repeated synthesis of gold nanorods. Three tasks have been solved. The first task is to clean the growth solutions from gold nanorods. The second task is to develop a method using a purified cetyltrimethylammonium bromide solution for repeated synthesis of gold nanorods with the same optical properties as in the initial synthesis. The third task is to test the possibility of management of the optical properties of nanorods during repeated synthesis.

Study of the diffusion process in films sodium salt of carboxymethyl cellulose – drug

The transport properties of medicinal films based on sodium salt of carboxymethylcellulose and the antibiotic amikacin sulfate have been studied in this work. It has been shown that the process of sorption of water vapor by such films and the release of a drug from them proceeds in an abnormal diffusion mode, which is explained by the slowdown of relaxation processes in glassy polymers, which include the sodium salt of carboxymethylcellulose.

Synthesis and study of some properties of colloidal quantum dots of indium antimonide

Colloidal quantum dots of indium antimonide have been synthesized by a known technique. The shape and average diameters of quantum dots have been investigated by transmission electron microscopy using a transmission microscope. Controlling the size and shape of colloidal QDs provides information on the formation of the crystal structure of nanoparticles and their possible physical and optical properties. It has been found that InSb quantum dots are characterized by a polygonal shape.

Isolation and radiochemical purification of samarium isotopes using ion exchange resins АВ 17×8 AND KU-2

The relevance of the research is caused by the need to develop a methodological base for determining 151Sm content in the soil cover of radioactively contaminated territories of Kazakhstan. The developed method for the determining of 151Sm will make it possible to assess the levels of soil contamination with this radionuclide, to determine the character of its spatial distribution, to allow estimating the internal exposure doses for the personnel and the population.

Quantum-chemical Research of the Mechanism of Reaction of an Acylating Butylmethylamine by Propionyl Chloride in the Presence of Lithium Hydride

In this paper is presented quantum-chemical research of the mechanism of reaction of an acylating butylmethylamine by propionyl chloride in the presence of lithium hydride. The estimate of two basic synthetic paths of an acylating butylmethylamine is made. Prereactionary complexes, transient states and reaction products are computed in program PRIRODA by a density functional theory (DFT) in approximation PBE and basis L1. Activation energies of reactions are computed. 

Effect of Oil Sludge Filler on Physico-chemical Properties of the Bituminous Composite Materials

An elemental composition and particle size distribution of the solid residue oil sludge are investigated, and a test samples series of a composite material is performed. The physico-chemical and operational properties of this material are investigated. Found that the characteris tics of the resulting material allow to use it in production of bituminous concrete for road construction.

Description of the Chemikal Interreacting in the Quaternary Mutual Sistem Li,K||F,MoO4 ,WO4

The quaternary mutual system Li,K||F,MoO4 ,WO4 was partitioned into the simplexes and described the chemical interaction by conversion method and by method of ion balance. The prediction of the crystallizing phases conducted on the basis of the partition and of the equations for the reactions of conversion lines and for the method of ion balance.

Influence of Some Factors on Phase Separation of System Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate – H2 O

The isothermal behavior of systems SDS – H2 O and SDS – H2 O – electrolytes has been investigated in the range 0–100 °C. The effect of the addition of sodium chloride, salicylic acid and sodium salicylate on the nature of phase transitions was shown. The viscosity of aqueous solutions of SDS (0–30 wt. %) was studied. The view about the nature of possible self-assembled structures in the systems was expressed.

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