Ethanol Conversion on Zeolites

The possibility of converting the biomass to products of petrochemical synthesis is shown. The analysis of the development of the synthesis of catalysts for production of motor fuels from bioethanol is carried out. By varying the composition of the catalysts and the process conditions can be synthesized gasoline range hydrocarbons, ethylene, aromatic hydrocarbons. A scheme for the conversion of ethanol to hydrocarbons of various classes is discussed.

Effect of Temperature, Isotopic Composition of Water and Ethanol on the Tautomeric Equilibrium of Sulphonated Phenylazonaphtholes

The effect of temperature, isotopic composition of water and ethanol on the tautomeric equilib- rium of two phenylazonaphtholes that differ by sulphonic group in benzene ring was investigated spectrophotometrically. It was established that enhancement of water structure under decrease of temperature or change of common water to heavy one shifts the azoquinonhydrazone tautomeric equilibrium to more polar hydrazone tautomer. The destruction of water structure and decrease of solvent polarity at ethanol addition, on the contrary, increases the concentration of azotautomer.