Cite this article as:

Tarasov M. A., Porshakov A. M., Kazakova L. V., Kresova U. А., Romanov R. A., Sludsky A. A. Modern Cadastre of Vectors and Other Reservoirs of Tularemia Microbe Found in Tularemia Foci of Different Types, Situated in the Territory of Russia. Izvestiya of Saratov University. New series. Series: Chemistry. Biology. Ecology, 2019, vol. 19, iss. 3, pp. 343-349. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/1816-9775-2019-19-3-343-349


Heading: 
UDC: 
616.98:579.841.95(470)
Language: 
Russian

Modern Cadastre of Vectors and Other Reservoirs of Tularemia Microbe Found in Tularemia Foci of Different Types, Situated in the Territory of Russia

Abstract

At the present stage of the studies only Ixodidae ticks can be classed by the types of foci, being the main blood-sucking vectors of the tularemia agent. Other blood-sucking arthropods, considering the species abundance and wide-spread occurrence and certain habitat versatility, can be tularemia vectors in several or even in all types of foci. These are the following: primarily, gamaside and argasid ticks, as well as bloodsucking insects. The paper also provides the data on other animals and environmental objects, which can be reservoirs of the infection or indicators of tularemia microbe presence (antigen) in enzootic territory in natural or anthropourgic foci. During the 1930s and 50s, first investigations on the ecology of the tularemia microbe were carried out in aquatic ecosystems. They were intensified in the ensuing years. It was demonstrated that the tularemia microbe circulates in aquatic biocenoses with direct involvement of various species of hydrobionts

References
  1. Balashov Yu. S. Parazitizm kleshchey i nasekomykh na nazemnykh pozvonochnykh [Parasitism of ticks and insects on terrestrial vertebrate species]. St. Petersburg, Nauka Publ., 2009. 356 p. (in Russian).
  2. Olsuf’ev N. G., Dunaeva T. N. Prirodnaya ochagovost’, epidemiologiya i profilaktika tulyaremii [Natural focality, epidemiology, and prophylaxis of tularemia]. Moscow, Meditsina Publ., 1970. 272 p. (in Russian).
  3. Olsuf’ev N. G., Dunaeva T. N. Bespozvonochnye zhi- votnye – perenoschiki i khraniteli tulyaremijnoj infekcii [Invertebrate animals – vectors and carriers of tularemia infection]. In: Prirodnaya ochagovostʹ, ehpidemiologiya i profilaktika tulyaremii [Natural focality, epidemiology, and prophylaxis of tularemia]. Moscow, Meditsina Publ., 1970, pp. 38–59 (in Russian).
  4. Sbor, uchet i podgotovka k laboratornomu issledovaniyu krovososuschikh chlenistonogikh – perenoschikov vozbuditeley prirodno-ochagovykh infektsiy [Catching, registration and preparation to laboratory investigation of blood-sucking arthropods – vectors of the agents of natural-focal infections]. Methodological regulations 3.1.1027-01. Moscow, 2002. 55 p. (in Russian).
  5. Degtyareva L. V., Tikhenko N. I., Levchenko B. I., Bryukhanov A. F. O rasprostranenii i vidovom sostave iksodovykh kleschey v Stavropol’skom krae [On the distribution and species composition of Ixodidae ticks in the Stavropol Territory]. Sb. nauch. tr. Stavropolʹskogo NIPChI [Collection of scientific works of the Stavropol RAPI]. Novorossiysk, 1994, iss. 1, pp. 319–320 (in Russian).
  6. Kotti B. K. Perenoschiki vozbuditeley prirodno-ochagovykh bolezney v Stavropol’skom krae [Vectors of the agents of natural-focal diseases in the Stavropol Territory]. Vestnik Stavropol’skogo gos. universiteta [Bulletin of Stavropol State University], 1999, iss. 17, pp. 79–84 (in Russian).
  7. Kotti B. K. On the studies of Hyalomma marginatum in the Stavropol Territory. Journal of Microbiology, 2005, iss. 4, pp. 105–108 (in Russian).
  8. Maksimov A. A. Main types of tularemia foci, their characteristics and geographical distribution in the Rus- sian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Reports of the USSR Academy of Sciences. New Series, 1947, vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 501–503 (in Russian).
  9.  
  10. Petrov V. G., Kucheruk V. V. Concerning feeding of the common voles (Microtus arvalis Pall) on ticks (Derma- centor pictus Herm) in laboratory and field environment. Zoological Journal, 1951, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 478–480 (in Russian).
  11. Petrov V. G. Eksperimental’noe izuchenie kleshchej Dermacentor marginatus Sul., Rhipicephalus rossicus Jak. et Jak. kak perenoschikov tulyaremii [Experimental studies of Dermacentor marginatus Sul., Rhipicephalus rossicus Jak. et Jak. as tularemia vectors]. In: Voprosy epidemiol. i profilakt. tulyaremii [Issues of epidemiol- ogy and prophylaxis of tularemia]. Moscow, 1958, pp. 117–123 (in Russian).
  12. Popova A. Yu., Mefod’ev V. V., Stepanova T. F., Ezhlova
  13. E. B., Marchenko A. N. Epidemiologiya i profilaktika tulyaremii na endemichnyh territoriyah [Epidemiology and prophylaxis of tularemia in endemic territories]. Tyumen, Izd. tsentr TSU, 2016. 332 p. (in Russian).
  14. Reznik P. A. Osobennosti arealov i puti formirovaniya fauny iksodovyh kleshchej Sovetskogo Soyuza. Fauna Stavropol’ya [Peculiarities of areals and ways of Ixodidae tick fauna formation of the Soviet Union. Fauna of the Stavropol Region]. Stavropol, Izd-vo Stavropol'skaya pravda, 1970. 198 p. (in Russian).
  15. Tiflova L. A., Reznik P. A., Popova E. V. Iksodovye kleshchi Stavropol’skogo kraya i ikh meditsinskoe znachenie. Perenoschiki osobo opasnykh infektsiy i bor’ba s nimi [Ixodidae ticks of the Stavropol Territory and their medical significance]. In: Perenoschiki osobo opasnykh infektsiy i borʹba s nimi : sb. nauch. rabot protivochum. uchrezhdeniy strany [Vectors of particu- larly dangerous infections and their control: Collection of works of national anti-plague institutions]. Stavropol, Izd-vo Stavropol'skaya pravda, 1970, pp. 459–473 (in Russian).
  16. Tulyaremiya [Tularemia] Ed. by N. G. Olsuf’eva, G. P. Rudneva. Moscow, Medgiz Publ., 1960. 460 p. (in Russian).Zemskaya A. A. Paraziticheskie gamazovye kleschi i ikh medicinskoe znachenie [Parasitic gamaside ticks and their medical signifi cance]. Moscow, Meditsina Publ., 1973. 166 p. (in Russian).
  17. Zemskaya A. A. Paraziticheskie gamazovye kleschi i ikh medicinskoe znachenie [Parasitic gamaside ticks and their medical significance]. Moscow, Meditsina Publ., 1973. 166 p. (in Russian).
  18. Nikulina N. A. Epizootiological and epidemiological significance of gamaside ticks (sem. Haemogamasidae, Oudms., 1926, r. Haemogamasus Berl., 1889) of small mammals in the territory of Baikal region. Bulletin of the East Siberian Scientific Center of RAMS Siberian Branch, 2006, no. 2 (48), pp. 111–114 (in Russian).
  19. Ul’yanova N. I., Zaharova V. V., Suhomlina O. I., Bessonova M. A. Lessons learned from studies of natu- ral tularemia focus during winter months. Zoological Journal, 1966, vol. XLV, no. 1, pp. 24–31 (in Russian). Epidemiologicheskiy nadzor za tulyaremiey. Metodich- eskie ukazaniya. MU 3.1.2007-05 [Epidemiological sur- veillance over tularemia. Methodological Regulations. MR 3.1.2007-05]. Moscow, 2005. 59 p. (in Russian).
  20. Aykimbaev M. A. Concerning isolation of tularemia microbes from water scorpions (Nepa cinerea L.). Works of Central Asian Anti-Plague Institute, 1959, no. 5, pp. 283–285 (in Russian).
  21. Ovasapyan O. V. Regarding the cases of B.tularense isolation from crabs. Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences of Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic, biological and agricultural sciences, 1956, vol. 9, no. 10, pp. 49–52 (in Russian).
  22. Olsuf’ev N. G., Kucheruk V. V., Petrov V. G. Regarding the studies of natural tularemia focus of piedmont type]. Zoological Journal, 1959, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 334–346 (in Russian).
  23. Selezneva A. A. The role of hydrobionts in epidemiol- ogy of tularemia. Journal of Microbiology, 1950, no. 6, pp. 73–75 (in Russian).
  24. Selezneva A. A. Hydro-biological factor in the dissemina- tion of tularemia. Works of Tomsk State University, biol- ogy series, 1953, vol. 125, pp. 255–260 (in Russian).
  25. Sil’chenko V. S. A case of transmission of tularemia through leech bite. Journal of Microbiology, 1950, no. 6, pp. 70–71 (in Russian).
  26. Somov P. V. Water as a  new  epidemiological  factor of tularemia. Bulletin of the Rostov-on Don Research Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology, 1939, no. 18, pp. 1–32 (in Russian).
  27. Gromov B. V., Pavlenko G. V. Ekologiya bakteriy [Eco- logy of bacteria]. Leningrad, Izd-vo Leningr. un-ta, 1989. 248 p. (in Russian).
  28. Anda P., Segura J. del Pozo, Díaz García J. M., Escude- ro R., García Peña F. J., López Velasco M. C., Sellek R. E., Jiménez Chillarón M. R., Sánchez Serrano L. P., Martínez Navarro J. F. Waterborne Outbreak of tularemia Associ- ated with Crayfish Fishing. Emerging Infect. Diseases, 2001, no. 7, pp. 575–582.
  29. Gustafsson K. Growth and survival of four strains of Francisella tularensis in a rich medium preconditioned with Acanthamoeba palestinensis. Can. J. Microbiol., 1989, vol. 12, no. 35, pp. 1100–1104.
  30. Mazepa A. V. Gidrobiologicheskie faktory v epidemi- ologii tulyaremii [Hydro-biological factors in epidemiol- ogy of tularemia]. Thesis Diss. Cand. Sci. (Med.). Irkutsk, 2004. 24 p. (in Russian).
  31. Mironchuk Yu. V. Modern aspects of epidemiology, epizoo- tiology, and prophylaxis of tularemia. Journal of infectious Pathology,1994, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 26–30 (in Russian).
  32. Mironchuk Yu. V., Mazepa A. V., Sappo S. G. Hydro- biological factors in ecology of Francisella tularensis(experimental material). Journal of Infectious Pathology, 1998, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 58–63 (in Russian).
  33. Mironchuk Yu. V., Mazepa A. V. Viability and virulence of Francisella tularensis subsp. holarctica in aqueous eco- systems (experimental studies). Journal of Microbiology, 2002, no. 2, pp. 9–13 (in Russian).
  34. Mironchuk Yu. V., Mazepa A. V., Gulyako L. F. The role of silt reservoirs in preservation of the causative agent of tularemia. Bulletin of the East Siberian Scientific Center of RAMS Siberian Branch, 2004, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 111–113 (in Russian).
  35. Mironchuk Yu. V., Mazepa A. V., Belyh O. I. Francisella tularensis subsp. holarctica in the community with cyano- bacteria. Bulletin of the East Siberian Scientific Center of RAMS Siberian Branch, 2004, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 139–140 (in Russian).
Full text (in Russian):