Cite this article as:

Tarasov M. A., Porshakov A. M., Kazakova L. V., Kresova U. А., Romanov R. A., Sludsky A. A. Modern Cadastre of Species of Tularemia Microbe Carriers Habitant in Tularemia Foci of Different Types, Situated in the Territory of Russia. Izvestiya of Saratov University. New series. Series: Chemistry. Biology. Ecology, 2019, vol. 19, iss. 1, pp. 70-78. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/1816-9775-2019-19-1-70-78


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UDC: 
616.98:579.841.95(470)
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Russian

Modern Cadastre of Species of Tularemia Microbe Carriers Habitant in Tularemia Foci of Different Types, Situated in the Territory of Russia

Abstract

The tularemia microbe can be found in all landscape zones of the Northern hemisphere, and in the Russian Federation this infection has been detected in virtually all regions. It spreads beyond the polar circle up to the 71° parallel. From 100 to 400 cases of tularemia infection are registered in the Russian Federation annually, 75% of which are accounted for the Northern, Central and Siberian territories of the country. From time to time epidemic morbidity rates are reported. Presently, six types of natural tularemia foci are established in Russia. Cadastre of tularemia carriers is compiled from the data obtained from the long-term field investigations carried out by the authors in various regions of the country, as well as from literature source data. Of 101 species of mammals studied for tularemia infection, 56 species turned out to be highly susceptible and highly sensitive to the pathogen (Group I) – 55.5±5.0 % of the total number of the examined species with positive results from three groups that differ in susceptibility and sensitivity to tularemia agent.

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