Biology

The Recommended Species of Terrestrial Invertebrates for Including in the New Edition of the Red Book of Saratov Province

In article gave the information of rare and endangered species of terrestrial groups of invertebrates recommended for including in the third edition of the Red book of the Saratov Province (RBSP). Also lists species that should be removed from the list of protected species for several established reasons. The main publications over the past 10 years from the time of release the second edition of RBSP on the population dynamics and distribution of endangered species in the region.

The Rare and Endangered Species of Water Invertebrates Offered for Inclusion in the Third Edition of the Red Book of the Saratov Region

The list of species of water invertebrates and the amphibiotic insects is analysed by results of the long-term researches in 2006 – 2015. Effects of climate transformation and change of the hydrological treatment on a condition of water ecosystems and population of such species are shown. The key factors causing negative consequences for ecosystems of the rivers, floodplain lakes and temporary waterbodies serving as biotopes of rare and endangered species of hydrobionts are defined.

Flowering Plant Species to Be Included Into the Third Edition of the Red Book of Saratov Region

A list of 277 flowering plant species to be included into the third edition of the Red Book of the Saratov region is proposed. The necessity to correct and extend the protected taxon list in comparison with the second edition is substantiated. Principles of taxon selection for the third edition are discussed.

Algae, Mossy, Pteridophytes and Gymnosperm Plant Species to Be Included Into the Third Edition of the Red Book of Saratov Region

A list of algae, mossy, pteridophytes and gymnosperm plant species to be included into the third edition of the Red Book of the Saratov region is proposed (1 species of algae, 15 mossy species, 13 pteridophytes, 1 gymnosperms). The necessity to correct and extend the protected taxon list in comparison with the second edition is substantiated. Principles of taxon selection for the third edition are discussed.

Rare and Disappearing Fungus and Lichens Species to Be Included Into the Third Edition of the Red Book of Saratov Region

The list of rare and disappearing fungus and lichens species to be included into the third edition of the Red Book of Saratov region has been compiled on the basis of modern field surveys, collection data, analysis of literature. It contains 19 representatives of mycoflora belonging to 11 families and 6 representatives of lichen flora belonging to 3 families. The necessity to extend and modify the list of protected taxa is substantiated compared with the previous edition.

Methodical Principles of the Procedure of Entering and Deleting Biological Species in the Third Edition of the Red Data Book of the Saratov Region

Basic principles underlying the methodology of the procedure of entering and deleting biological species in regional Red Data Books are shown. With Natrix tessellate as an example, an algorithm is demonstrated to exclude a species from the list of rare and endangered animals needing special protection measures. As a result of our longterm field studies of the N. tessellata populations, a positive trend in the abundance change in its population and in the spectrum of biotopical correspondence and geographical distribution within the Saratov region has been established.

Methodical Bases Preparation of the Third Edition Red Book of the Saratov Region

Procedure of formation of the list of rare and endangered species of plants, mushrooms and animals of the Saratov region for their entering in the third edition of the regional Red Book are shown. Categories of protection of rare species are offered and methodical recommendations about science-based definition of their nature protection status are stated. The structure of specific outlines and content of their illustrative material are given.

Importance of the Saratov Region Red Book for the Preservation of Biological Diversity

The article discusses the importance of the Red Book for the preservation of biological diversity of rare and endangered species in the Saratov region. It is noted that at the present time 578 species of plants, fungi and animals are critically endangered.

Lipid Peroxidation in Cucumber and Radish Seedlings Affected by Heavy Metals

The effect of heavy metal ions (Ni2+, Zn2+, Cu2+, Pb2+)  in concentrations of 10 μM, 0.1 μM and 1 mM on the rate of lipid peroxidation (LPO) has been studied in the 7-day-old seedlings of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) and radish (Raphanus sativus L.). It was revealed that Ni2+ and Cu2+ ions induced oxidative stress in plant cells, but Pb2+ and Zn2+ ions did not have toxic effects. The heavy metals effect on LPO increasing was as follows: Zn2+ < Pb2+< Ni2+ < Cu2+ for cucumber plants; Pb2+< Zn2+ < Cu2+ < Ni2+ for radish plants.

New to the Republic of Bashkortostan Associations of Class Phragmito-Magnocaricetea Klika in Klika et Novák 1941

The system of units of riverside vegetation by Braun-Blanquet method of the class Phragmito-Magnocaricetea of the Bashkortostan Republic includes 4 orders, 7 unions, 29 associations and 1 rankless community today. During studying of riverside vegetation 4 new associations (Scolochloetum festucaceae, Caricetum distichae, Iridetum pseudacori and Leersietum oryzoidis) which weren’t indicated for this region earlier were revealed. The order of Nasturtio-Glycerietalia and the Glycerio-Sparganion union are also for the first time indicated for the republic. The basis for work it is 23 relevés.

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